COVID-19: Emphasis on Adherence to Health Discipline

According to a report released by the Ministry of Health and Population every day, the infection rate of COVID-19, which has been declining since last December, has increased over the past two weeks. It is estimated that the number of infected people in Nepal has started increasing after the second and third waves of COVID-19 infection started in India. Due to the open border, uninterrupted movement, and non-testing at the border, there is a suspicion that the infection will reach the villages as in the past. The government had announced a lockdown on March 24 last year after finding the second infected person two months later. However, various district administrations and localities of the country had issued restraining orders. INSEC had started informing the general public about COVID-19 by publishing daily updates of Coronavirus 10 days after the start of the lockdown.

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It’s been a year since we started publishing daily updates on the COVID-19 infection, details of good work done by local governments and local administrations, distressed citizens, and expert advice on health precautions. You can click here to see the daily updates related to COVID-19. The Ministry of Health has requested in a press release not to hold meetings, gatherings, gatherings, seminars, meetings, and gatherings across the country. Similarly, a statement issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs states that “no crowd in public places, mask sanitizer and physical distance should be maintained while using public transport and action will be taken as per the Infectious Diseases Act, 2020.” Similar information has been issued by various district administration offices. In the space of a year, the condition of COVID-19 has returned to its old place, experts said. Dr. Baburam Marasini, an infectious disease specialist, says that the situation will be serious if the lessons learned from the past are delayed. He says there is no alternative to learning from past mistakes and taking health precautions.

COVID-19 Infection Statistics and Nepal

The Nobel Coronavirus (COVID-19) has spread to many parts of the world. The United States, Brazil, India, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, Italy, Turkey, Spain, and Germany are among the top 10 countries in the world infected with COVID-19. In these 10 countries alone, 83,099,680 people have been infected as of April 1, 2021, while 131, 74,617 people have been infected worldwide, according to worldometer. In SAARC countries, 13 million 9 thousand 900 people have been infected and Nepal ranks fourth in terms of the number of infected. A total of 277,461 people have been infected in Nepal till March 30. According to worldmeter, Nepal is ranked 50th among the most infected countries. world meter lists 221 countries. Less than one percent of Nepal’s population has been infected with COVID-19. A total of 2,275,540 swabs have been tested in Nepal as of April 3, and 277,461 people have been infected with COVID-19. If this number is considered a tested person and infected person, then 12 percent of the total test people can be said to have confirmed COVID-19.

As of April 1, 2021, 1.79 million people in Nepal have already received the first dose of vaccine against COVID-19. This is 5.93 percent of the total population of Nepal. The Ministry of Health has stated that the second vaccination will be started on April 20.

Status of insurance payment of COVID-19

According to the Insurance Committee, insurance claims worth Rs 5 billion have already been paid. According to the data published by the Insurance Committee till March 20, the insurance companies have paid the amount. So far, 86,612 people have claimed Covid-19 insurance in the insurance company and 53,324 people have received payment. Of which, the insurance company has paid Rs 5.14 billion. According to the committee, 22,403 files have been sent to the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD) of the Department of Health Services for verification, and 13,353 files have been verified and have come to Shikhar Insurance. Similarly, 9,163 files are being processed in EDCD at present.

COVID-19 and human rights

Due to the infection of COVID-19, all kinds of human rights issues of the individual were comparatively overshadowed. Despite the fact that the right to health is a fundamental right guaranteed by the constitution, in the meantime, Nepali citizens have not been able to enjoy that right easily. According to INSEC representatives, there have been problems such as mistreatment of health workers, lack of medicines, and health workers in health facilities. Obstacles to the enjoyment of human rights enshrined in the constitution caused problems even in the daily life of the citizens. The quarantine system was not well maintained, thousands of Nepalis from India were not treated properly, health care was neglected, human rights defenders, including health workers, journalists and teachers were beaten and abused, and violence against women and children became public during this period. An order was issued in the name of the government to make the coronavirus test free. The Constitution of Nepal states that every citizen has the right to receive free basic health care from the state. Corona infections cannot be treated for free, the health ministry said, adding that government hospitals treating corona for free had published a list of amounts to be deposited before a patient could be admitted. Demanding a review of the Supreme Court’s order that citizens have a constitutional right to receive free testing and treatment for the COVID-19 infection, the government requested a review on October 30. The apex court rejected the petition on November 6. With this order, the government was forced to provide free treatment to Corona-infected citizens.

The way forward

It is necessary to make proper use of the social, economic, and political changes in Nepali society, the level of consciousness, the increase in literacy. It is necessary to continue the good practices of the government over a period of one year and to improve the aspects that need to be improved through the government machinery. As it is important to follow the health discipline to prevent the spread of COVID-19 infection within a period of one year, it is necessary to raise public awareness for this. The readiness of all three levels of government is needed to provide alternative employment to those who lost their jobs due to the closure of factories and industries during this period. It is necessary for the governments of all three levels to put forward a policy of protection in the face of the pain and suffering of the common people. Following the health discipline, running your daily routine as per the advice of experts can prevent the infection of COVID-19.